New or updated skills are key to participate and interact in today’s society, as highlighted by the 2023 European Year of Skills. Employers stress the need for public support to life-long learning, workers’ upskilling and reskilling, expert training in digital technologies, and education that prepare young people to work in a digital environment. Digital skills and the use of AI are necessary to fully benefit from and engage with an increasingly digitised economy. What role can the EU play in fostering workers’ development of skills that can empower them vis-à-vis the adoption of AI? What skills will be necessary for workers, not only to perform their job in the future, but also to allow them to integrate AI in their work life? How can public policy address the critical paradox in current digital reskilling and upskilling programmes, namely that those who are more in need of training tend to also be the ones who are least likely to take up learning opportunities?